During the summer months, certain businesses hire minors to help with jobs, such as newspaper deliveries, fast food restaurants (certain positions), and a host of other small jobs. Many young people take on lawn services and some light landscaping jobs, too. They may work for a landscaping company or conduct lawn-mowing services to earn money that is saved for college or other necessities.
When a minor is hired who is 15 years old or younger, a variance will be needed for that youngster to work at any of the following jobs, as defined by the Employment Law Handbook:
A more expanded listing can be found at this link from the handbook.
Arizona Workers’ Compensation would not cover family members working on their farms. Those who are hired by a company to conduct such agricultural activities as a business would be covered. Minors who are 14 to 15 years old are restricted to the following work time allowances, based on the Arizona Revised Statute § 23-233 (2018):
One notable restriction is that minors who are 16 and 17 years of age are not allowed to drive on the job. In various exceptions, they cannot drive while on the job for more than two hours in a day, or 25 percent of their workday. They also cannot drive over fifty miles per day on the job, according to the Labor Department’s restrictions.
An employer who has violated child labor laws may first receive a Cease and Desist Order. This order states the type of violation, a potential fine of up to $1,000, and the right to have a hearing. Violation of Arizona Child Labor Laws brings a guilty charge of a Class 2 misdemeanor.
Arizona Workers’ Compensation will cover minors injured on the job. Depending on the severity of the injury, the employer may be viewed as having been careless and not looking after the minor. While payment of wages may not be very much for a minor, the minor and his family may be entitled to sue for a settlement, dependent on the circumstances of the injury and accident.
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